BLACK BUZZ NEWS
Toussaint L'Ouverture and his great mulatto rival,General Rigaud,were both thrown in the same dungeon in France by Napoleon in 1802. Later at St. Helena,Napoleon declared that the imprisonment of Toussaint was a grave political error.
According to world renown historian J.A. Rodgers,Toussaint
L'Ouverture had planned after Haiti was freed to go to Dahomey,West Africa,and use it as a base from which to fight the slave trade. For this purpose Toussaint saved 6,000,000 gold francs,equivalent to that sum in dollars now,which he entrusted to Stephen Girard,an American ship captain.
After the treacherous capture of Toussaint,Girard would not turn over this money to Toussaint's family.
During his nine months imprisonment Toussaint was tormented by Napoleon's agents to reveal the hiding-place of the money. Later Girard,a Frenchman by birth became the richest American of his day. He left millions on his death in 1831 for the founding of Girard College in Philadelphia stipulating that it should be for whites only. Old man Girard gave money to buy coal for the poor of Philadelphia with the same racist provision.
According to blogger Black Buzz, Girard College was only integrated by court order in 1968 after years of massive and sometimes violent protests by Philadelphia's Black community. Even the great Rev.Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. protested with Philadelphia's Black community over the discriminatory admissions policies of Girard College.
Presently Girard is overwhelmingly Afro-American and the Philadelphia Phillie's were the last team in the National League to integrate their baseball team in 1957 a decade after Jackie Robinson broke the modern day color bar. And Jackie Robinson received his worst treatment from the Philadelphia players , coaches, fans,sport writers out of all the teams in the National League.
Philadelphia is MSNBC's Chris Matthew's city of"Brotherly Love ". All those racist Philly fans that called Richie Allen and Jackie Robinson every kind racial slur in the book are the same group of racists that moved into Suburbs of Philly and said they didn't want to swim with those Black and Hispanics kids last summer at that allegedly private club in a Philadelphia Suburb.
* We should praise the achievements and accomplishments of Toussaint L'Ouverture and his successful revolution against the nasty French, and castigate the sell out General Colin Powell and others of the same ilk.